Emprendimeinto, clusters y parques industriales

Algo pasa que los emprendedores no surgen en la cantidad y calidad que los politicos y academicos esperan. Esta es una preocupacion en Europa y USA, ahora yo estoy enfocado a investigar y crear programas de entrenamiento que logren gatillar ganas de emprender. Pero empreder de veras, o sea, creando una empresa e invirtiendo tiempo y dinero en ella.

“The context of this study is the southwest of Finland and the attempts to create a regional innovation system enabling an increased rate of venture development… During the 1990s major reforms were conducted: (i) a regional innovation policy was established through an act enforced at the beginning of 1994 leading to the creation of regional centers of expertise, (ii) a cluster programme was launched in 1997 to reinforce the utilization and commercialization of technology by established technology centers and incubators and licensing offices in the universities. 8 cluster programmes were formed under six ministries and one national cluster, The Finnish Pharma Cluster was formed, and (iii) venture capital activity started with Sitra as a pioneer. Apparently, some of these measures have paid off as Finland was for the fourth consecutive year regarded as the most competitive nation (Global Competitiveness Report, 2005). Yet, entrepreneurial activity in Finland is remarkably low. Technology-based new venture creation is low and has dropped in Finland since 2000 (Table 1) despite policy measures aiming for an opposite trend. In 2003 it looked as if measures would pay off, but results from 2004 follow a downward trend since 2000. Opportunistic entrepreneurship does not keep pace with the level of technology development. It decreased from 600 new ventures in 1995 to only 350 in 2002 (Reynolds 2005).”

Source: (2007) CHALLENGING THE “TRIPLE HELIX” MODEL OF REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS: PROPOSING A SUPERVENIENT APPROACH TO DEVELOPING TECHNOLOGY ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Paper submitted but not published.

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